The Effect of Broiler Litter, Swine Effluent, and Municipal Biosolids Land Application on Small Plot Pathogen, Antibiotic Resistance, and Nutrient Levels

Purpose

Land applying agricultural and municipal wastes carries an inherent risk associated with nutrient and pathogen runoff and contamination, but with that risk comes a potentially sustainable process to reclaim otherwise residual waste material. Few studies compare the two residuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the land application of municipal waste water treatment solids (biosolids) versus manure (broiler and swine) and their effect on pathogens, antibiotic resistance and nutrients.…