Frank Wideman is a Natural Resources Engineering Specialist with the University of Missouri Extension. He specializes in natural resource management, water quality, farm and home energy and emerging technologies. He includes GIS, GPS, and Remote Sensing in all those areas. He also utilizes distance education, social media, and community resource management to develop these programs. He is currently serving as an eXtension Question Wrangler along with his duties for University of Missouri. Frank has a B.S. & M.S. in Agricultural Engineering, both from University of Missouri.
Currently, Frank is working on projects that include natural resource management and energy conservation and alternative energy sources. His emphasis is on using the emerging technologies to solve local community issues and needs with science based information.
For active decomposition of animal carcasses, compost microorganisms require a source of nitrogen (N) (dead livestock or birds), carbon (C) (straw, corn stalks, shavings, litter, etc.), oxygen, water and elevated temperatures. An ideal C:N ratio should fall between 15:1 to 35:1. Oxygen (air) can be introduced when turning the compost. If proper moisture is not supplied, the organisms cannot survive. Ideally, moisture content should range from 45-55%, or wet enough when the compost is squeezed to leave your hand feeling moist, without actually forming drops of water. When all components are present in the correct ratio, the compost pile heats naturally, destroying most pathogens while microbial activity degrades the carcasses.
If your farm stores oil, fuel, or oil products, you should take note of the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasures (SPCC) program. This rule applies to storages of a certain size and places some planning requirements on the farm. Speakers also discuss the proposed exemption for certain milk containers.
Reminder: Farms now must amend and implement their Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans. The compliance date for farms is May 10, 2013.
NOTE: This presentation was originally broadcast on November 19, 2010 and the speakers discuss a proposed exemption for certain milk containers. On April 18, 2011, EPA published a final rule amending the SPCC regulations to exempt milk and milk product containers, associated piping and appurtenances. The capacity of the exempt milk and milk product containers, piping and appurtenances should not be included in a facility’s total oil storage capacity calculation to determine if the facility is subject to SPCC. For more information on the milk exemption, see EPA’s SPCC and milk page. Continue reading “Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasures”