What are typical values for the higher heating value of manure scraped from cattle feedyard surfaces?

The higher heating value of manure scraped from cattle feedyard surfaces depends primarily on its ash and moisture content. If the manure’s ash and water were completely removed with only the combustible fraction remaining as a residue, that (primarily organic) residue would have a higher heating value (HHV) of about 8,500 BTU per pound, as determined experimentally by Annamalai et al.…