Side-dressing Emerged Corn with Liquid Livestock Manure

The application of livestock manure to farm fields has always been an expense for producers. On-farm research plots were assessed in Ohio following application of  liquid swine and liquid dairy manure using drag hoses to provide side-dress nitrogen to emerged corn. A six-inch diameter drag hose was used to side-dress corn with swine finishing manure at the V3 stage for four crop seasons.

Preliminary Study of Sand Settling Lane Designs and Performance

Sand settling lanes are increasing in popularity as a solution for reclaiming sand from the waste stream of dairy facilities.  The purpose of this study was to determine:

    • Whether sand settling systems are functioning properly for Illinois dairy facilities.
    • Whether they meet the criteria in NRCS Conservation Practice Standard (CPS) 632 – Waste Separation Facility.

Feasibility of Reducing a Dairy Farm’s Manure Enterprise Costs Using a Wet Gasification Technology

Manure management is a major system on dairy farms, and there is a goal to minimize costs and maximize benefits. Technology that would reduce the mass of the manure to be spread, produce energy and a potential by-product for off-farm sales is needed. Adding wet gasification technology to existing manure systems with the goals of reduced spreading costs and possibly increased by-product sales was evaluated on a central New York farm that was considering expanding.  

Aeration for Elimination of Manure Odor and Manure Runoff: What One Professional Engineer Has Learned in the Past 12 Years

Aerobic treatment has potential to be more practical for any size operation, reduce odors, reduce risk of runoff by facilitating application to growing crops, and reduce energy use when distributing manure nutrients.

Farm-based aeration, created through an upward/outward surface flow, was first introduced in the 1970’s and brought partial success. …

Evaluation of current products for use in deep pit swine manure storage structures for mitigation of odors and reduction of NH3, H2S, and VOC emissions from stored swine manure

The main purpose of this research project is an evaluation of the current products available in the open marketplace for using in deep pit swine manure structure as to their effectiveness in mitigation of odors and reduction of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), ammonia (NH3), 11 odorous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and greenhouse gas (CO2, methane and nitrous oxide) emissions from stored swine manure.…

Synergetic Process Parameters Interaction in Solid-state Anaerobic Co-digestion

In this mesophilic solid-state anaerobic co-digestion study, interaction among process parameters were  investigated. To achieve this, four treatments were considered based on two carbon to nitrogen ratios (34 and 28). The treatments were DMCS34 – Dairy manure, inoculum, and untreated corn stover with C/N ratio of 34; DMCS28 – Dairy manure, inoculum, and untreated corn stover with C/N ratio of 28; DMPCS34 – Dairy manure, inoculum, and washed pretreated corn stover with C/N ratio of 34; and DMPCS28 – Dairy manure, inoculum, and washed pretreated corn stover with C/N ratio of 28.

Effect of Pretreatment and Agitation Frequency on Methane Yield in Solid-state Anaerobic Co-digestion of Dairy Manure and Corn Stover

Solid state anaerobic co-digestion (SSCoD) has attracted huge attention in the renewable energy industry due to the potential to solve nutrient imbalance challenge. However, SSCoD potential as biogas source is often limited except the process parameters are systematically optimized. Hence, in this study, we investigated the impact of 4%-NaOH-pretreatment and two agitation frequencies (two-day and seven-day periodic agitation), being part of the process parameters, on biogas composition and methane yield.