What Are the Clean Water Act Requirements That Apply to Animal Agriculture?

Home | Trends | Manure ManagementNutrients | Water Quality | Clean Water Act (You are here) | Stewardship | Conservation | Conservation Practices

A Brief Overview of the Clean Water Act National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Requirements for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations

Farms classified as concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are subject to National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permitting under the Clean Water Act (CWA) because they are, by definition, “point sources” of pollution.…

Planning for Stewardship

Home | Trends | Manure ManagementNutrients | Water Quality | Clean Water Act | Stewardship (You are here) | Conservation | Conservation Practices

Managing manure as a beneficial resource involves:

Building on the previous sections in this module, this section focuses on tools and resources for managing manure-related risks and highlights strategies for good stewardship.…

Water Quality Issues Associated with Manure

Home | Trends | Manure ManagementNutrients | Water Quality (You are here) | Clean Water Act | Stewardship | Conservation | Conservation Practices

Many of the images and scenarios on this page may be permit violations or may contribute to exceedances of water quality standards; however, additional information beyond what is provided on this educational page is required to make determinations of that nature.

What Does Manure Collection and Storage Look Like?

Home | Animal Ag Trends | Manure Management (You Are Here) | Nutrients | Water Quality | Clean Water Act | Stewardship | Conservation | Conservation Practices

Farms collect and store manure in different ways. For the most part, manure is handled and stored as either solid, slurry, or liquid. The biggest differences are between systems designed for solid manure and those designed for liquid or slurry manure.…

Animal Agriculture, Manure Management, and Water Quality

This module is an overview of animal agriculture in the U.S. and how industry trends have affected manure management. Because the primary use of manure is land application as a plant fertilizer, the module addresses nutrient management and surface water quality impacts. The module also covers regulatory requirements and efforts to manage and reduce risks of manure nutrients reaching water.…